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Barvalipe Digital Library of Critical Romani Scholarship

A critical turn in Romani Studies, requires a process of decolonization and an evaluative reframing of our current bibliographies. The Barvalipe Digital Library of Critical Romani Scholarship addresses, in part, a need for a rigorous, scholarly resource that collects reliable academic literature and research about the Roma and other related communities, developed from the critical perspectives of Romani scholars. 

This selected collection is organised into several, contiguous, broad thematic sections that reflect particular avenues of current research, primarily (though not exclusively), led by Roma and other Romani scholars, namely: Romani Histories and Herstories, Romani Identity Politics, Romani Movements and Political Activism; Romani Feminist Thought and Activism; the Romani LGBTI Movement, Knowledge Production, Antigypsyism – Anti Romani racism and racialization; Romani Cultures and Narratives; Art History; Language and Linguistics; Romani Children. 

This curated selection draws together some of the seminal pieces from peer–reviewed, academic publications by Romani researchers and scholars, adopting an orientation and positionality that reflects their identity as Roma, which begins to establish a foundational bedrock of a library of Critical Romani Studies. By collecting op-eds, articles, research findings, book chapters, reports and more, in one digital space, the Library makes Roma and Romani knowledge-production more widely accessible, to Romani and non-Romani audiences
alike.   

The Library is meant to be a ‘living archive’ and not a fixed canon, nor is it a ‘museum artefact’ capturing a ‘snapshot’ of Romani knowledge production at one particular instance in the early 21st century. In this initial phase, the Curators of the Library have sought to gather together a collection of texts, from a variety of perspectives and intellectual or theoretical approaches that will serve as an initial point of reference, for an ever-expanding digital resource, much as a ‘patrin’ or ‘patteran’ was used  by Romani people in the past indicating directions for late arrivals as to where the other waggons had moved on. To that end, the Curators welcome suggestions for academic additions to the Digital Library. 

It is envisaged by the Curators that, over time, the collection will expand to provide a significant educational reference resource. This will, it is to be hoped, actively promote further rigorous and scholarly production from Romani academics and researchers, sometimes working in collaboration with their non–Roma partners and colleagues. The breadth of the collection, in content and subject matter, is likewise intended to extend into additional areas, such as Biography, Literature, Poetry and Drama, Graphic Novels and Animation, Religiosity, and other topics and fields of study. As such, the Digital Library has a potential to reach the widest possible communities, and represent them/us, through the lens of Romani knowledge production, in ways that are both new and intrinsic, inseparable from our own ‘voices’, rather than as the echoes distantly ‘captured’ by others.

The Barvalipe Digital Library of the Critical Romani Scholarship has been curated by: Dr. Maria Bogdan, Dr. Ioanida Costache, Dr. Dezso Mate, Dr. Adrian R. Marsh, Dr. Anna Mirga-Kruszelnicka.

 

I. ROMANI HISTOR(IES) AND HERSTOR(IES)

In undertaking the topic of Romani history/herstory, we engage in a process of inquiry and building knowledge about the past. Knowledge, with etymological roots in the Ancient Greek word gnosis, carries with it a connotation of awareness. Historical inquiry as a way of making the past less distant is by default a process of building awareness. Recognizing Romani history—past events, ground-breaking actions, and experiences—allows us to cultivate Romani memory and a collective Romani consciousness informed by our heritage. Understanding our past empowers us to promote an elevated appreciation of today. This section presents a collection of Romani Histories and Herstories: of political systems, economic processes, international relations, and various forms of representations in relation to Romani life

Mihail Kogălniceanu’s Historical Inquiry into the Question of Roma Slavery in Mid–Nineteenth-Century Romanian Principalities

Bogdan Chiriac

Chiriac, Bogdan (2019) Mihail Kogălniceanu’s Historical Inquiry into the Question of Roma Slavery in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Romanian Principalities, Critical Romani Studies, Vol.2, No.2, pp.4-22.
 

The Analysis of Erosion: Occupational and Social Change and Continuity amongst the basket-weavers of Izmir and musicians of Diyarbakır in Turkey

Zeynep C. Eren & Adrian Marsh

Eren, Zeynep C. & Marsh, A. R. (2008), The Analysis of Erosion: Occupational and Social Change and Continuity amongst the basket-weavers of Izmir and musicians of Diyarbakır in Turkey, Presented at the Gypsy Lore Society’s Annual General Meeting and Conference 2008, Georgetown University, Washington DC, 28th to 30th August, retrieved 1st December 2021.
 

From Roma Slavery to World War II – Roma Resistance in Romania

Adrian-Nicolae Furtuna

Furtuna, Adrian-Nicolae (2020), “From Roma Slavery to World War II – Roma Resistance in Romania”, in Mirga-Kruszelnicka, Anna & Dunajeva, Jekatyerina [eds.], Re-thinking Roma Resistance throughout History: Recounting Stories of Strength and Bravery, Berlin: European Roma Institute for Arts and
Culture (ERIAC), pp.197-215.
 

Roma/ Gypsies: A European Minority

Nicolae Gheorghe, Jean-Pierre Liégeois

Gheorghe, Nicolae & Liégeois, Jean-Pierre (1995) Roma/ Gypsies: A European Minority, An MRG International Report 95/4, Sinéad ni Shuinéar [translated from French], U.K.: Minority Rights Group.
 

Forms of resistance during the Great Round-up

(Spain, 1749-1763)

Nicolás Jiméneza González

González, Nicolás Jiménez (2020), “Forms of resistance during the Great Round-up (Spain, 1749-1763)”, in Mirga-Kruszelnicka, Anna & Dunajeva, Jekatyerina [eds.], Re-thinking Roma Resistance throughout History: Recounting Stories of Strength and Bravery, Berlin: European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture (ERIAC), pp.219 -231.
 

The Pariah Syndrome: An Account of Gypsy Slavery and Persecution

⊗ Restricted article. Only available for ERIAC Members

Ian Hancock

Hancock, Ian (1987) Pariah Syndrome: An Account of Gypsy Slavery and Persecution. Ann Arbor, MI: Karoma Publishers, (1987) 180 pp.
 

Responses to the Porrajmos: The Romani Holocaust

Ian Hancock

Hancock, Ian (2001) Responses to the Porrajmos: The Romani Holocaust, Rosenbaum, A. S. (ed.) Is the Holocaust Unique? Perspectives on Comparative Genocide. Boulder CO: Westview Press.
 

Legislation and Government Programs Relating to the Roma Population in Hungary since the Political Changes of 1989–90

Ernő Kállai

Kállai, Ernő (2005) Legislation and Government Programs Relating to the Roma Population in Hungary since the Political Changes of 1989–90. Kemény, István (ed.): Roma of Hungary. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005. pp. 288–334.
 

‘How I became a partisan’. Filmmaking as a Resistance Strategy
against Oblivion”

Vera Lackova

Lackova, Vera (2020), “‘How I became a partisan’. Filmmaking as a Resistance Strategy against Oblivion”, in Mirga-Kruszelnicka, Anna & Dunajeva, Jekatyerina [eds.], Re-thinking Roma Resistance throughout History: Recounting Stories of Strength and Bravery, Berlin: European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture (ERIAC), pp. 169-187.
 

“…the strumming of their silken bows” the Firdawsî Legend of Bâhram Gûr & Narratives of Origin in Romani Histories”

Adrian Marsh, Elin Strand

Marsh, Adrian – Strand, Elin (2006) “Gypsies and the Problem of Identities: Contextual, Constructed and Contested”, Istanbul: Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul.
 

A Brief History of Gypsies in Turkey

Adrian Marsh

Marsh, Adrian (2008), “A Brief History of Gypsies in Turkey”, in Danova–Russinova, S. et.al. [eds.], We Are Here! Discriminatory Exclusion and Struggle for Rights of Roma in Turkey, Edirne, Budapest, Istanbul: Edirne Romani Foundation, European Roma Rights Centre, Helsinki Citizens’ Assembly, pp.5–20.
 

‘No Gypsies Served!’ Romany–Travellers in Wartime Britain

Adrian Marsh

Marsh, Adrian. (2012), “‘No Gypsies Served!’ Romany–Travellers in Wartime Britain”, in Taikon, Sofia, Lundgren, G., Eriksson, A. (2012), Sofia Z–4515, Eliot, J. [trans.], London: Mantra Lingua Press, pp.42-44.
 

Roma Slavery: The Case for Reparations, Foreign Policy in Focus.

Margareta Matache, Jacqueline Bhabha

Matache, Margareta – Bhabha, – Jacqueline (2016) Roma Slavery: The Case for Reparations, Foreign Policy in Focus.
 

Roma Resistance in Occupied Poland

Justyna Matkowska

Matkowska, Justyna (2020), “Roma Resistance in Occupied Poland”, in Mirga-Kruszelnicka, Anna & Dunajeva, Jekatyerina [eds.], Re-thinking Roma Resistance throughout History: Recounting Stories of Strength and Bravery, Berlin: European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture (ERIAC), pp.145-169.
 

For a Worthy Place Among the Victims. The Holocaust and the Extermination of the Roma During World War II 

Andrzej Mirga

Mirga, Andrzej (2005), “For a Worthy Place Among the Victims. The Holocaust and the Extermination of Roma During World War II”, in Ambrosewicz–Jacobs, J., & Hońdo, L. [eds.], Why Should We Teach About the Holocaust? 2nd edition, Institute of European Studies, the
Jagiellonian University, Cracow, pp. 93–100.
 

The Roma in the Twenty-First Century: A Policy Paper

Andrzej Mirga, Nicolae Gheorghe

Mirga, Andrzej & Gheorghe, Nicolae (2001), “The Roma in the Twenty-First Century: A Policy Paper”, Eurozine, 12th March, retrieved: 24th November 2021.
 

Introduction: Education for remembrance of the Roma Genocide: Scholarship, Commemoration and the Role of the Youth

Anna Mirga-Kruszelnicka, Esteban C Acuna & Piotr Trojanski

Mirga-Kruszelnicka, Anna, Acuna C., Esteban, & Trojanski, Piotr (2015), “Introduction”, in “Education for remembrance of the Roma Genocide: Scholarship, Commemoration and the Role of the Youth, Kraków: Libron, pp.11-24.
 

Sofia Z–4515

Sofia Taikon, G. Lundgren & A. Eriksson

Taikon, Sofia, Lundgren, G. & Eriksson, A. (2012), Sofia Z–4515, Eliot, J. [trans.], London: Mantra Lingua, in Romanës/Swedish, Taikon, Žofi et.al. (2006), Žofi Z–4515, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Tranan, Podium Press.
 

 

II. ROMANI IDENTITY AND POLITICS

Identity politics is a framework broadly utilized in the humanities and social sciences to define the forms and construction of various identities. The term also serves as a tool to promote civic, individual, and cultural ideologies. Identity politics refers to identification with, or sense of belonging to, a particular group based on nationality, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, religion, race, social background, class, or other identifying factors. The authors in the section grapple with identity as a reflection of an individual or group understanding of themselves collectively as well as the subjectification by others.

Reclaiming Romani-ness: Identity Politics, Universality and Otherness Or, Towards a (New) Romani Subjectivity

Ioanida Costache

Costache, Ioanida (2018) “Reclaiming Romani-ness: Identity Politics, Universality and Otherness Or,
Towards a (New) Romani Subjectivity”, Critical Romani Studies, Vol.1, No.1, pp.30-43.
 

The Struggle for the Control of Identity

Ian Hancock

Hancock, Ian (2007), “The Struggle for the Control of Identity”, in Haodha, Micheal O. & Hancock, I. F. [eds.], Migrant and Nomad: European Visual Culture and the Representation of ‘Otherness’, Essen: Blaue Eule Verlag, pp.42–60
 

The possible implications of diasporic consciousness for Romani identity

Damian Le Bas

⊗ Restricted article. Only available for ERIAC Members

Le Bas, Damian (2010) “The possible implications of diasporic consciousness for Romani identity”, inLe Bas, Damian, & Acton, Thomas A. [eds.], All Change! Romani Studies through Romani Eyes, Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press
 

Research and the Many Representations of Romani Identity

Adrian Marsh

Marsh, Adrian (2007) “Research and the Many Representations of Romani Identity”, ‘Perceptions’ Issue, Roma Rights: Quarterly Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.3, Budapest: ERRC, pp.17-30

 

Gypsies and Alevis: the impossibility of Abdallar identity

Adrian Marsh & Elin Strand 

Marsh, Adrian & Strand Elin  (2005), “Gypsies and Alevis: the impossibility of Abdallar identity?”, in Markussen, Hege I. [ed.], Alevis and Alevism:
Transformed Identities,
Istanbul: Isis Press, pp.162–174
 
 

III. ROMANI MOVEMENTS – POLITICAL ACTIVISM  

Romani leaders, activists, and intellectuals together work to promote visibility, equality, and dignity for Romani peoples. The first generation of activists (ca. 1940s-1970s) laid the foundation for a strong cultural and political Roma movement based on self-representation by championing autonomy, freedom, Romani arts and culture, identity emancipation, and leadership. From 1971 on the Romani political movement and organizational representation strengthened the public Romani civil rights activism and human rights defenders’ visibility across the world.

The difficult process of building a strong political Roma party in Serbia and Montenegro

Osman Balic

Balic, Osman (2005), “The difficult process of building a strong political Roma party in Serbia and Montenegro”, in Thelen, P. [ed.], Roma in Europe: From Social Exclusion to Active Participation, Skopje:Freidrich Ebert Stiftung, pp.216–225
 

Preface – We Are Here! Discriminatory Exclusion and Struggle for Rights of Roma in Turkey

Savelina Danova–Russinova et. al

Danova–Russinova, Savelina et. al. [eds.] (2008), “Preface” We Are Here! Discriminatory Exclusion and Struggle for Rights of Roma, in Turkey, Edirne, Budapest, Istanbul: Edirne Roman Derneği, European Roma Rights Centre, Helsinki Citizens’ Assembly
 

Abdulova Roma’s self-government in Shuto Orizari

Sevdija Demirova

Demirova, Sevdija (2005), “Abdulova Roma’s self-government in Shuto Orizari”, in Thelen, P.[ed.], Roma in Europe From Social Exclusion to Active Participation, Skopje: Freidrich Ebert Stiftung, pp.197-213
 

 

Blaming the Victims in Roma Inclusion Policies

Csaba Fenyes, Timeo Danaos

Fenyes, Csaba & Danaos, Timeo (2019), “Blaming the Victims in Roma Inclusion Policies”, Journal of Critical Romani Studies, Vol.2, No.1, pp.4–23
 

Civil Society, Civil Involvement and Social Inclusion of the Roma

Angele Kocze

Kocze, Angela (2012), Civil Society, Civil Involvement and Social Inclusion of the Roma, Bratislava: United Nations Development Programme
 

Roma and EU-Accession: Elected and Appointed Romani
Representatives in an Enlarged Europe

Andrzej Mirga

Mirga, Andrzej (2005), “Roma and EU-Accession: Elected and Appointed Romani Representatives in an Enlarged Europe”, in Thelen, P. [ed.], Roma in Europe: From Social Exclusion to Active Participation, Skopje: Freidrich Ebert Stiftung, pp.117-151
 

The Romani movement in Romania: institutionalization and (de)mobilization

⊗ Restricted article. Only available for ERIAC Members

Iulius Rostas

Rostas, Iulius (2009), “The Romani movement in Romania: institutionalization and (de)mobilization”, in Segona, N., Trehan, N. [eds.], Romani Politics in Contemporary Europe: Poverty, Ethnic Mobilization, and the Neoliberal Order, Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp. 159-185
 

Roma Participation: From Manipulation to Citizen Control

Iulius Rostas

Rostas, Iulius (2012), “Roma Participation: From Manipulation to Citizen Control”, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, pp 3-7
 

A Task for Sisyphus: Why Europe’s Roma Policies Fail

Iulius Rostas

Rostas, Iulius (2019), A Task for Sisyphus: Why Europe’s Roma Policies Fail, Budapest & New York: Central European University Press
 

Power and Hierarchy among Finnish Kaale Roma: Insights on Integration and Inclusion Processes

Marko Stenross

Stenroos, Marko (2018), “Power and Hierarchy among Finnish Kaale Roma: Insights on Integration and Inclusion Processes”, Journal of Critical Romani Studies, Vol.1, No.2, pp.6-23
 

A New Social Movement? Spanish Roma and Their Forms of Organization

Pedro Aguilera Cortés

Cortés, Pedro Aguilera (2018) A New Social Movement? Spanish Roma and Their Forms of Organization, in IG Kultur Österreich [ed.], Romanistan Is Everywhere: Tracing Treacherous Terrain, Vienna: IG Kultur Österreich, pp.30-35.
 
 

IV. ROMANI FEMINIST THOUGHT

Romani Feminist scholarship is a progressive wave of thought within Romani studies, feminist movements, knowledge production, and human rights discourse. Addressing Romani Feminist emancipation, this body of literature holds both activist and academic commitments. These scholars make important contributions not only to the social sciences, but also make valuable interventions for policymakers, and social and community services as well. Given the body of knowledge Romani feminist thought has generated from the lived experiences of Romani subjects, the need to critically discuss, and challenge the intersectional antigypsyism, anti-Romani racism across Europe emerges.

The Importance of Feminists and ‘Halfies’ in Romani Studies

Ethel Brooks

Brooks, Ethel (2015), “The Importance of Feminists and ‘Halfies’ in Romani Studies: New Epistemological Possibilities”, ‘“Nothing About Us Without Us”? Roma Participation in Policy Making and Knowledge Production’ Issue, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.2, Budapest: ERRC,pp.57-61
 

The Situation of Roma/Gypsy Women in Europe

Nicoleta Bitu

Bitu, Nicoleta (2009), “The Situation of Roma/Gypsy Women in Europe”, Nevi Sara Kali: Roma Women’s Journal, Vol.1, No.1, Summer. pp 222 -233
 

Still Missing Intersectionality: The relevance of feminist methodologies in the struggle for the rights of Roma

Anna Csilla Daroczi, Jelena Jovanovic

Daroczi, Anna Csilla & Jovanovic, Jelena (2015), “Still Missing Intersectionality, the relevance of feminist methodologies in the struggle for the rights of Roma”, ‘“Nothing About Us Without Us”? Roma Participation in Policy Making and Knowledge Production’ Issue, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.2, Budapest: ERRC, pp.79 – 83
 

Envisioning Roma Feminism

Gheorge Carmen

Gheorghe, Carmen (2016) “Envisioning Roma Feminism”, Analize: Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies, 7. pp. 15-18
 

The European Romani Women’s Movement—International Roma Women’s Network

Rita Izsak

Izsak Rita, (2008), “The European Romani Women’s Movement—International Roma Women’s Network”, in Batliwala, S. [ed.], Changing Their World, 1st Edition, Building Feminist Movements and Organizations Initiative, pp.1–13
 

Intersections of Gender, Ethnicity and Class: History and Future of the Romani Women’s Movement

J. Jovanović, A. Kóczé, L. Balogh

Jovanović, J., Kóczé, A., & Balogh, L. (2015), Intersections of Gender, Ethnicity and Class: History and Future of the Romani Women’s Movement, CEU Centre for Policy Studies Working Paper, from a workshop organized at Central European University, Budapest: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
 

Missing Intersectionality. Race_Ethnicity, Gender, and Class in
Current Research and Policies on Romani Women in Europe

Angela Kocze

Kocze, Angela (2009), Missing Intersectionality. Race/Ethnicity, Gender, and Class in Current Research and Policies on Romani Women in Europe, Budapest: Central European University
 

Gender Equality, Sense of Belonging, Both?

Margareta Matache

Matache, Margareta (2009), “Gender Equality, Sense of Belonging, Both?”, Nevi Sara Kali: Roma Women’s Journal, Vol.1, No.1, Summer. pp 45-59
 

Racism, (Neo)Colonialism and Social Justice_ The Struggle for the Soul of the Romani Movement in Post-Socialist Europe

 

Angela Kocze &, Nidhi Trehan

Kocze, Angela & Trehan, Nidhi (2011), “Racism, (Neo)Colonialism and Social Justice: The Struggle for the Soul of the Romani Movement in Post-Socialist Europe”,in Huggan,Graham & Law, Ian [eds.], Racism Postcolonialism Europe, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, pp.50-73
 
 

V. ROMANI LGBTQI MOVEMENT

In the last decade academic discourses, European social movements, and public discourse features more recognition of Romani LGBTQI. This recognition is a testament to the work of those openly out Romani LGBTQI activists, scholars, and their alliances, who were pioneers in raising their voices to challenge their systemic erasure. Romani LGBTQI,  racialized peoples, feminists, sex-workers, stigmatized communities with AIDS and HIV, and people with disabilities share a collective aim of challenging the status quo—standing together to demand (not ask) for their, our, fundamental human rights.

The Queer Gypsy

Daniel Baker

Baker, Daniel (2015), “The Queer Gypsy”, ‘“Nothing About Us Without Us”? Roma Participation in Policy Making and Knowledge Production’ Issue, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.2, Budapest: ERRC, p. 87–93
 

Gypsy, Roma & Traveller LGBTQ+ Spoken History Archive

Daniel Baker, Christine V. Lee & Isaac Blake 

Baker, Daniel, Blake, Isaac, & Lee, Christine V. (2021), Gypsy, Roma & Traveller LGBTQ+ Spoken History Archive, Cardiff – Berlin: Romani Cultural & Arts Company; European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture (ERIAC)
 

(Mis)Recognitions: Romanies, Sexualities, Sincerities

Ethel Brooks

Brooks, Ethel C. (2009), “(Mis)Recognitions: Romanies, Sexualities,Sincerities”, Nevi Sara Kali: Roma Women’sJournal, Vol.1, No.1, Summer. pp 21-29
 

I am Not Sorry for Being Different – The Hate Speech
Monologues

Arman Heljic

Heljic, Arman (2017), “I am Not Sorry for Being Different: The Hate Speech Monologues”, The London Reader Summer, pp.37-39
 

The Revolution is here and Now_ The Revolution is Roma, Queer, and Feminist

Arman Heljic

Heljic, Arman (2017), “I am Not Sorry for Being Different: The Hate Speech Monologues”, The London Reader Summer, pp.37-39
 

The Difference That Makes a Difference: We Need More Guts!

Djordje Jovanovic

Jovanovic, Djordje (2009), “The Difference That Makes a Difference; We Need More Guts!” ‘Multiple Discrimination’ Issue, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.2, Budapest: ERRC, pp.41–47
 

Dîuvljarke: Roma Lesbian Existence

Vera Kutic

Kutic, Vera (2013), Dîuvljarke: Roma Lesbian Existence, European Roma Rights Centre Gender Research Fellowship, Nis: European Roma Rights Centre – ERRC
 

Faced with Multiple ‘Values’ – From the Perspective of the Roma LGBTQ Community

Dezso Mate

Mate, Dezso (2015) Faced with Multiple ‘Values’ – From the Perspective of the Roma LGBTQ Community, ‘Nothing About Us Without Us? Roma Participation in Policy Making and Knowledge Production’, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.2, Budapest: ERRC, pp. 93-97.
 

The First Sparks of the Romani LGBTQ Movement

Dezso Mate

Mate, Dezso (2017), The First Sparks of the Romani LGBTQ Movement, Centre for Higher Education and Equity Research (CHEER), School of Education and Social Work, University of Sussex, pp.1–6
 

Framing Romani LGBTQI Equality Emancipation and Intersection

Dezso Mate

Mate, Dezso (2020), “Framing Romani LGBTQI Equality Emancipation and Intersection”, Mijn Verhaal, Mon Historie, My Story, Faber Publishers, Belgium, ERGO Network, Balkan LGBTQI  pp.128-131
 

They become stigmatised in their own family

David Tiser

Tiser, David (2015), “They become stigmatised in their own family” “Nothing About Us Without Us”? Roma Participation in Policy Making and Knowledge Production’ Issue, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.2, Budapest: ERRC, pp.99-100
 
 

VI. KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION

Mainstream knowledge production is often generated from an external, privileged, majoritarian viewpoint that presents a racist, classicist, exoticizing, and objectified conceptualization of Romani people. These hegemonic, frequently dehumanizing, stigmatizations exclude our own narratives, representations, and lived experiences, and limit our access to knowledge production. Romani peoples, narratives, activities, and knowledge is forgotten, in light of this legacy of exclusion. Romani scholars, more recently, have re-claimed the reins in generating awareness, visibility, Romani counter-narrative through knowledge-production and scholarship from a Romani epistemological standpoint.

 

Organizing Activism, Romedia Foundation – Acts Through (Social) Media

Katalin Barsony

Barsony, Katalin (2013), “Organizing Activism, Romedia Foundation – Acts Through (Social) Media ”, in IG Kultur Österreich [ed.], Romanistan Is Everywhere: Tracing Treacherous Terrain, Vienna: IG Kultur Österreich pp.67-72
 

The Roma Spring: Knowledge Production and the Search for a New Humanity

Maria Bogdan, Andrew Ryder, Marius Taba

Bogdan, Maria, Ryder, Andrew, & Taba, Marius. (2015), “The Roma Spring: Knowledge Production and the Search for a New Humanity”, ‘“Nothing About Us Without Us”? Roma Participation in Policy Making and Knowledge Production’ Issue, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.2, Budapest: ERRC, pp.33-37
 

Roma Press Centre – 20 years of making a difference

⊗ Restricted article. Only available for ERIAC Members

Maria Bogdan

Bogdan, Maria (2017), “Roma Press Centre – 20 years of making a difference”, Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, Vol.24, No. 6, pp.751-759
 

Beyond Excuses_ A Critique of The Pope’s Apology to The Roma

Ioanida Costache

Costache, Ioanida (2019) “Beyond Excuses: A Critique of The Pope’s Apology to The Roma”, IOANIDA, 6th June
 

Romology, Social Inclusion and Poverty Reduction Unit

Rajko Djuric

Djuric, Rajko (2001), Romology, Social Inclusion and Poverty Reduction Unit, Belgrade: Government of the Republic of Serbia
 

Perception, Fortune-Tellers and Truth – Images of Roma in the Media in Between Majority Society and Self-Organization

Gilda-Nancy Horvath

Horvath, Gilda–Nancy (2013), “Perception, Fortune-Tellers and Truth: Images of Roma in the Media in Between Majority Society and Self–Organization”, in IG Kultur Österreich [ed.], Romanistan Is Everywhere: Tracing Treacherous Terrain, Vienna: IG Kultur Österreich, pp. 36-41
 

Speaking from the Margins

Angela Kocze

Kocze, Angela (2015) Speaking from the Margins, ‘Nothing About Us Without Us? Roma Participation in Policy Making and Knowledge Production’, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.2, Budapest: ERRC, pp.83-86.
 

Orientalism and Gypsylorism

⊗ Restricted article. Only available for ERIAC Members

Ken Lee

Lee, Ken (2000), “Orientalism and Gypsylorism. Social Analysis”, International Journal of Social and Cultural Practice, Vol. 44, No.2, Berghahn Books,pp.129-156
 

Listening to ourselves

Adrian Marsh 

Marsh, A. R. (2008), “Listening to ourselves”: the Gypsy, Roma, Traveller History Month opening seminar, University of Greenwich, London, 3rd June 2008, London: GRT HM
 

Word, Image and Thought: Creating the Romani Other

Margareta, Matache

Matache, Margareta (2016), Word, Image and Thought: Creating the Romani Other, Boston, Mass.: Harvard University Roma Program, François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights
 

The Legacy of Gypsy Studies in Modern Romani Scholarship

Margareta Matache

Matache, Margareta (2016) The Legacy of Gypsy Studies in Modern Romani Scholarship, Boston, Mass.: Harvard University Roma Program, François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights
 

Introduction

⊗ Restricted article. Only available for ERIAC Members

Andrzej Mirga, Margareta Matache & Jacqueline Bhabha

Mirga, Andrzej,  Matache, Margareta & Bhabha, Jacqueline (2017), “Introduction”, in Andrzej, M., Matache, M., & Bhabba, J., [eds.], Realizing Roma Rights, Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights Series, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp.1-14
 

Romani Studies and Emerging Romani Scholarship

Anna Mirga-Kruszelnicka

Mirga–Kruszelnicka, Anna (2015), “Romani Studies and Emerging Romani Scholarship”, ‘“Nothing About Us Without Us”? Roma Participation in Policy Making and Knowledge Production’ Issue, Roma Rights: Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No.2, Budapest: ERRC, pp.39-45
 
 

VII. ANTIGYPSYISM & ANTI-ROMANI RACISM AND RACIALIZATION

Antigypsyism or anti-Roma racism is a transhistorical phenomenon that comprises special forms of racism that directly affect Romani people regardless of time and place. Antigypsyism refers to and theorizes the daily intolerance and racist attitude towards those who are known in the public, for example, as Gypsy, Roma Travellers, Ashkali Bayash, Cigány Dom, Gitano, Gitan, Kaale, Sinti, etc. Romani peoples have long been “Othered” in European society. The authors in this section trace the genealogy of antigypsyism as well as its manifestations both historically and in contemporary society.

 

Engaging with Decolonisation, Tackling Antigypsyism: Lessons from Teaching Romani Studies at the Central European University in Hungary

Ethel Brooks, Colin Clark &  Iulius Rostas

Brooks, Ethel,- Clark, Colin, & Rostas, Iulius (2021), Engaging with Decolonisation, Tackling Antigypsyism: Lessons from Teaching Romani Studies at the Central European University in Hungary, Social Policy & Society Series, Cambs.: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-12
 

Roma

⊗ Restricted article. Only available for ERIAC Members

Colin Clark

Clark, Colin (2013), “Roma”, in Mason, P. L. [ed.], Encyclopaedia of Race and Racism, 2nd Ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, Thompson Gale, pp.505-507
 

Power, privilege and justice: Intersectionality as human rights?

 

Colin Clark, Dee Matthew & Vicki Burns

Clark, Colin  – Matthew, Dee  & Burns Vicki, (2018), “Power, privilege and justice: intersectionality as human rights?”, The International Journal of Human Rights, Vol.22, no.1, pp.108-126
 

 

Hate Speech, Symbolic Violence, and Racial Discrimination. Antigypsyism: What Responses for the Next Decade?

Cortez, Ismael 

Hate Speech, Symbolic Violence, and Racial Discrimination. Antigypsyism: What Responses for the Next Decade?
 

 

Escaping the Labyrinth of Roma Political Representation. Reflections on Common Citizenship

Ismael Cortés Gómez

Cortés Gómez, Ismael (2019), “Escaping the Labyrinth of Roma Political Representation. Reflections on Common Citizenship”, in Cortés Gómez, I., End, M. [eds.], Dimensions of Antigypsyism in Europe, ENAR Anti-Racism in Focus Series 3, Brussels, Heidelberg: European Network Against Racism (ENAR), Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, pp. 366-387
 

Roma as an Instrument of Politics: The Case of Miskolc (Hungary)

Dinok, Henriett Eva 

Dinok, Henriett Eva (2017) “Roma as an Instrument of Politics: The Case of Miskolc (Hungary)”, in: Antigypsyism In Public Discourses And Election Campaigns, Central Council of German Sinti and Roma Heidelberg, pp. 71-76
 

The Anti-Roma Europe: Modern ways of disciplining the Roma body in urban spaces

Sebijan Fejzula

Fejzula, Sebijan (2019), The Anti-Roma Europe: Modern ways of disciplining the Roma body in urban spaces, Revista Direito e Práxis, Rio de Janeiro, Vol.10, No.03, pp.2097-2116
 

The Roma struggle from protests to political liberation

Sebijan Fejzula 

Fejzula, Sebijan (2021), “The Roma struggle from protests to political liberation”, ROAR Magazine

 

 

The Decade of Roma Rights: Interview with Nicolae Gheorghe

Nicolae Gheorghe 

Nicolae Gheorghe (2006), “The Decade of Roma Rights:  Interview with Nicolae Gheorghe”, ‘ERRC 10th Anniversary’ Issue, Roma Rights: Quarterly Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, No’s. 2 & 3, pp.27–34
 

Challenging Anti-gypsyism in Academia: The Role of Romani
Scholars

Anna Mirga-Kruszelnicka

Mirga–Kruszelnicka, Anna (2018), “Challenging Antigypsyism in Academia: the Role of Romani Scholars”, Journal of Critical Romani Studies, Vol.1, No.1, pp.8-28
 

Antigypsyism, education and the media: ways forward

Iulius Rostas

Rostas, Iulius (2017) “Antigypsyism, education and the media: ways forward”, Identities, Vol.24, No.6, pp. 760-768
 

Institutional Antigypsyism in the Western Balkans

Suad Skenderi, Deniz Selman

Skenderi, Suad & Selman, Deniz (2019), “Institutional Antigypsyism in the Western Balkans”, in Cortés Gómez, I., End, M. [eds.], Dimensions of Antigypsyism in Europe, ENAR Anti-Racism in Focus Series 3, Brussels, Heidleberg: European Network Against Racism (ENAR), Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, pp.215-231
 

Antigypsyism in a time of neoliberalism: challenging the radical
right through transformative change

Marius Taba

Taba, Marius (2020), “Antigypsyism in a time of neoliberalism: challenging the radical right through transformative change”, in Ryder, Andrew,Taba, Marius, [eds.], Romani Communities and Transformative Change – A New Social Europe, Bristol: Bristol University Press, pp. 65-92
 

Path to Higher Education: Combating Antigypsyism Building Roma Students’ Aspirations and Resilience

Simona Torotcoi & Marko Pecak

Torotcoi, Simona & Pecak, Marko (2019), “Path to Higher Education: Combating Antigypsyism Building Roma Students’ Aspirations and Resilience”, in Cortés Gómez, I., End, M. [eds.], Dimensions of Antigypsyism in Europe, ENAR Anti-Racism in Focus Series 3, Brussels, Heidleberg: European Network Against Racism aisbl (ENAR), Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, pp.301-322
 

Towards a Definition of Anti-Gypsyism

Valeriu, Nicolae  

Nicolae, Valeriu (2006), Towards a Definition of Anti-Gypsyism, ERGO Network, accessed: 24th November 2021
 
 

VIII. ROMANI ART HISTORY AND CULTURAL NARRATIVES

Romani people are often portrayed as exotic, outlandish Others in the European imagination. Thus, Roma have faced prejudice, exclusions, and persecution for centuries. Romani culture is rich, bright, and influential, however in mainstream art history and cultural narratives Romani artists lack recognition. Romani art and cultural narratives are integral to mainstream culture, yet cultural appropriation and biased representation have long overlooked the important role of Romani culture to global societies

 

 

Culture Work as an Opportunity? Possibilities of Having a Social Impact in the Field of ‘Sinti and Roma Art and Culture’

Hamze Bytyci

Bytyci, Hamze (2013), “Culture Work as an Opportunity? Possibilities of Having a Social Impact in the Field of Sinti and Roma Art and Culture”, in IG Kultur Österreich [ed.], Romanistan Is Everywhere: Tracing Treacherous Terrain, Vienna: IG Kultur Österreich, pp.41-51
 

Decolonizing the Arts: A Genealogy of Romani Stereotypes in the Louvre and Prado Collections

Sarah Carmona

Carmona, Sarah (2018), “Decolonizing the Arts: A Genealogy of Romani Stereotypes in the Louvre and Prado Collections”, Journal of Critical Romani Studies, Vol.1, No.2, pp.144-167
 

Roma Futurism and Roma Healing: Historical trauma, possible futures, and a new humanism

 

Ioanida Costache

Costache, Ioanida (2021) “Roma Futurism and Roma Healing: historical trauma, possible futures, and a new humanism”, REVISTA ARTA, 23rd March, pp.1–10
 

Virtual Reality and Choreographic Practice: The Potential for New Creative Methods

Rosemary Cisneros

Cisneros, Rosemary (2019) Virtual Reality and Choreographic Practice: The Potential for New Creative Methods. Cisneros, R E, et al. 2019 Virtual Reality and Choreographic Practice: The Potential for New Creative Methods. Body, Space & Technology, 18(1), pp. 1–32.
 

Literature in Romania

Delia, Grigore

Grigore, Delia (2018) “Literature in Romania”; RomArchive, Countries & Regions
 

Meet Your Neighbours: Contemporary Roma Art from Europe

Tímea Junghaus

Junghaus, Tímea (2006), Meet Your Neighbours: Contemporary Roma Art from Europe, Budapest: Open Society
Foundations.
 

Paradise Lost: The First Roma Pavilion

Tímea Junghaus, Katalin Szekely

Junghaus, Tímea & Szekely, Katalin (2007), Paradise Lost: The First Roma Pavilion, La Beinnale Di Venezia 2007, Munich: Prestel Verlag. Open Society Foundations.
 

Roma Art: Theory and Practice

⊗ Restricted article. Only available for ERIAC Members

Tímea Junghaus

Junghaus, Tímea (2014), “Roma Art: Theory and Practice”, Acta Ethnographica Hungrica, Vol.59, No.1, pp.25-42
 

Gypsy Musicians

Ernő Kállai

Kállai, Ernő: Gypsy Musicians, in: Kováts, András (ed.): Roma Migration. Budapest: MTA Kisebbségkutató Intézet–Nemzetközi Migrációs és Menekültügyi Kutatóközpont, 2002. pp. 75– 96.
 

The Cultural Comparative Study of the Roma Community and
Bohemians

Justyna Matkovska

Matkovska, Justyna (2017), “The Cultural Comparative Study of the Roma Community and Bohemians”, Prolegomena: Kultura i Edukacja, Vol.4, No.118, pp.138–150
 

Place of Seeing Thoughts, Suggestions, and Reflections on Galerie Kai Dikhas

Raatzsch, J.André

Raatzsch, J. André (2018), “Place of Seeing Thoughts, Suggestions and Reflections on Galerie Kai Dikhas”, in IG Kultur Österreich [ed.], Romanistan Is Everywhere: Tracing Treacherous Terrain, Vienna: IG Kultur Österreich, pp.63-68
 

We are RomaPop: Globalised Pop Culture and the Romani Rights Struggle for Self-definition, in the Age of Superheroes

Vicente Rodríguez

Rodríguez, Vicente (2019), “We are RomaPop: Globalised Pop Culture and the Romani Rights Struggle for Self-definition, in the Age of Superheroes”, in Cortés Gómez, I., End, M. [eds.], Dimensions of Antigypsyism in Europe, ENAR Anti-Racism in Focus Series 3, Brussels, Heidelberg: European Network Against Racism (ENAR), Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, pp.322-332
 
 

IX. LANGUAGE

There is a great and ongoing debate on the origins of the many dialects that comprise the Romani language, which has also lead to debates on Romani identity, raising the following questions: When, how, and where were Roma subject to forced language assimilation and what effect did this have on speakers of Romani? What role does language play in processes of identity construction? Is it possible to construct a worldwide Romani language standardization for the next generations? This section seeks to answer these questions.

Who is afraid of the Rromani language?

Marcel Courthiade

Courthiade, Marcel (2005), “Who is afraid of the Rromani language?”, in Thelen, P. [ed.], Roma in Europe: From Social Exclusion to Active Participation, Skopje: Freidrich Ebert Stiftung, pp.93-114
 

A Standard Rromany Language – A pre-condition and basis for a
national and cultural identity for the Rroma

Rajko Djuric

Djuric, Rajko (2005), “A Standard Rromany Language – A precondition and basis for a national and cultural identity for the Rroma”, in Thelen, P. [ed.], Roma in Europe: From Social Exclusion to Active Participation, Skopje: Freidrich Ebert Stiftung, pp.79-91
 

Mind the Doors! The Contribution of Linguistics

 

Ian Hancock

Hancock, Ian (2009), “Mind the Doors! The Contribution of Linguistics”, in Acton, T. A. & Le Bas, D. [eds.], All Change! Romani Studies Through Romani Eyes, Papers given at a seminar at the University of Greenwich, June 3rd 2008, Hatfield: Hertfordshire University Press, pp.5-25
 

Are the Mental State Verbs Important for Roma Children’s Understanding of False Belief Task

Hristo Kyuchukov 

Kyuchukov, Hristo (2020), “Are the Mental State Verbs Important for Roma Children’s Understanding of False Belief Task”, Psycholinguistics, Pereiaslav Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University, Vol. 27, No.1, pp. 181–194
 
 

X. ROMANI CHILDREN AND EDUCATION

This section presents research on experiences of Romani children in educational systems. A critical issue vis-à-vis Romani education is the fact that the segregation of Romani children in schools continues to be practiced in various forms across Europe and the Balkans, despite numerous projects, policies, and strategies seeking to end it. These authors discuss this and other issues, challenges, and paths forward in creating equitable education opportunities from Roma.

The Multiple Stories in Finnish Roma Schooling

Marko Stenroos & Jenni Helakorpi

Stenroos, Marko & Helakorpi, Jenni (2021), “The Multiple Stories in Finnish Roma Schooling”, in Manuela Mendes, M., Magano, O., & Toma, S. [eds.], Social and Economic Vulnerability of Roma People Key Factors for the Success and Continuity of Schooling Levels, Berlin & Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, pp.99-116
 

Romani Cultural After – School Activities as an Instrument for the Better and Easier Inclusion of Romani Children and Youth in the Formal Educational Process

Ljatif Demir

Demir, Ljatif (2012), “Romani Cultural After – School Activities as an Instrument for the Better and Easier Inclusion of Romani Children and Youth in the Formal Educational Process”, in Bester, Romana & Klopcic, Vera [eds.], Medvesek, Mojca, CIP, Ljubljana: Kataložni zapis o publikaciji Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica, pp.118-129
 

Discrimination against Roma in the Swedish social system

Lars Lindgren & Heidi Pikkarainen

Lindgren, Lars, & Pikkarainen, Heidi (2007), “Discrimination against Roma in the Swedish social system”, ‘Child Protection’ Issue, Roma Rights: Quarterly Journal of the European Roma Rights Centre, Budapest, No.4, pp.23–25
 

Socio-Cultural and Linguistic Aspects of Roma Education

 

Hristo Kyuchukov

Kyuchukov, Hristo (2020), Socio-Cultural and Linguistic Aspects of Roma Education,    Katowice: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego