The European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture e.V. (ERIAC) is a joint initiative of the Council of Europe, the Open Society Foundations, and the Roma Leaders’ initiative – the Alliance for the European Roma Institute. ERIAC is an association registered under German law on June 7, 2017 in Berlin, Germany.
ERIAC exists to increase the self-esteem of Roma and to decrease negative prejudice of the majority population towards the Roma by means of arts, culture, history, and media.
ERIAC acts as an international creative hub to support the exchange of creative ideas across borders, cultural domains and Romani identities. ERIAC aims to be the promoter of Romani contributions to European culture and talent, success and achievement, as well as to document the historical experience of Romani people in Europe. ERIAC exists to be a communicator and public educator, to disseminate a positive image and knowledge about Romani people for dialogue and building mutual respect and understanding.
The main long-term aims of ERIAC are:
– To educate and inform the non-Roma population about Roma arts and culture and to help for creating understanding, tolerance and mutual respect between Roma and non-Roma communities;
– To raise awareness among European institutions, policy-makers and stakeholders about the role of Roma arts and culture and to build up a broad partnership across Europe (and beyond) for support of Roma arts, culture and communities.
ERIAC’s vision is grounded in six founding principles, which will define the Institute’s establishment, core functions, governance, structure and membership:
The 1971 First World Roma Congress was a historical milestone which marked the beginning of a new era of international Roma movement. This process of gradual political awakening among Roma was accompanied by parallel process in the field of arts. Indeed, one of the major achievements of the First World Roma Congress was the creation of important symbols which meant to unite all Roma – namely, the Roma flag and anthem. Symbolism, and its aesthetics, meant to reaffirm a political Roma identity, shaped and articulated by Roma themselves. Cultural and artistic practice was a powerful premise which sought a similar political agenda – that of Roma self-emancipation. After the first World Romani Congress in 1971, Roma visual artists started to claim recognition as a group. This collective consciousness of the European Roma community was essential in disrupting the exclusive operation of the cultural scene and criticizing the age-old practice in which Roma people were the victims of representations created exclusively by non-Roma. Furthermore, it pointed out how this European imagery and iconography had forced Roma into the conceptual ghetto of “the Gypsy”.
The idea of the European Roma Institute has been proposed by Romani intellectuals for decades. Agnes Daroczi, from Hungary, has been one of the most vocal proponents of the idea. “When in 1992, after the change of the political regime, I founded the Romedia Foundation, I knew that in order to be able to speak of ourselves, to express our interests, to develop a suitable image, we need our own narratives and our own institutions,” she says.
The idea of creating an international institution of Romani culture was taken up again by a group of Romani cultural producers, intellectuals and activists in 2014 who eventually formed the Alliance for European Roma Institute, as the driving force behind the advocacy efforts to build a Roma Institute. The Council of Europe and the Open Society Foundations expressed their interest to provide institutional, material and financial support to make the European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture a reality.
It took over 4 years of dedicated work of Roma and non-Roma supporters as well as representatives of the Alliance for European Roma Institute, the Council of Europe and the Open Society Foundations to establish the Institute as a viable and independent institution. ERIAC was successfully registered as an independent association under German law in June 2017 and launched during a ceremony on the 8th of June 2017 in Berlin.
The ERIAC’s office in Berlin serves as the headquarters to support the large network of Roma individuals and organizations working in the fields of arts and culture.
ERIAC as a international hub strives to promote activities of hundreds of Roma organisations, intellectuals and artists to form multilateral initiatives and regional alliances, and to connect them with the policy makers and leaders of the different national and European levels.
The front office in Berlin gives space to a contemporary art gallery and an educational program which is open to
the public and welcomes individual visitors and visitor
The Pakiv Board is the highest-organ of ERIAC. The Board oversees the work of ERIAC, safeguards its values and approves the financial and activity plans.
Zeljko Jovanovic is director of the Open Society Roma Initiatives Office, which supports the voices and leadership of Roma in making their power felt in the policy-making arena.
Jovanovic comes from a family of Roma ethnic background which, through a belief in hard work, self-determination and education, moved from multigenerational extreme poverty to the middle class in Serbia. Before joining the Open Society Foundations in 2006, he worked for the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe on elections and public policy and for Catholic Relief Services on civil society development. He also has established and led a local Roma organization and community radio; volunteered for Roma political parties and protested for democracy during the Milosevic regime in Serbia; trained and mentored non-profit managers, advocates, and leaders internationally.
Jovanovic has degrees in law from the University of Belgrade and in public policy from the University of Oxford. He also completed the Executive Education Program on Strategic Management at the Harvard University. He is a member of the Aspen Institute network.
Dr Nicoleta Bitu is the chair of the RomArchive board and currently serves as the president of the Democratic Federation of Roma from Romania.
She has been active in the field of human and women’s rights for over 26 years, at the forefront of the European mobilization of Romani women activists and of advocacy for the rights of Roma.
A recognized and published expert in her field, she has worked for Romani CRISS, the Open Society Foundations, the Council of Europe, OSCE, the European Commission and Romano ButiQ. Her work has provoked the Romani and feminist movements to think and act based on the universality of human rights when it comes to Romani women.
The foundation of her activism and development remains the work she performed in the early years of her career in local communities affected by interethnic conflicts.
Dr Bitu have been part of the team which initiated the Museum of Roma Culture and the Nicolae Gheorghe Documentation Centre for Roma in Romania.
Ms Snežana Samardžić-Marković is since 2012 Director General of Democracy at the Council of Europe, in charge of the Organisation’s action promoting democratic innovation, governance, participation and diversity. Her responsibilities include the policy areas of education and youth, local democracy, cultural policies, election assistance, the protection of human dignity, gender equality, children’s rights, and the rights of minorities, work against discrimination, democratic citizenship and democratic responses to crisis situations. Previously, Snežana has held numerous positions in the Serbian Government including as Deputy Director in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Neighbouring Countries; Assistant Minister of Defence (2005-2007) and Co-President of the Serbia-NATO Defence Reform Group; member of the Foundation Board of WADA, Minister of Youth and Sports (2007-2012) and President of the Fund for Young Talents.
The day-to-day operations as well as ERIAC’s office in Berlin are run by an international team of experienced, professional and dedicated staff members.
Tímea Junghaus is an art historian and contemporary art curator. She started in the position of executive director of the Berlin-based European Roma Institute for Arts and Culture in September, 2017.
Previously, Junghaus was Research Fellow of the Working Group for Critical Theories at the Institute for Art History, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (2010-2017). She has researched and published extensively on the conjunctions of modern and contemporary art with critical theory, with particular reference to issues of cultural difference, colonialism, and minority representation. She is completing her PhD studies in Cultural Theory at the Eötvös Lóránd University, Budapest.
In recognition of her curatorial activities Junghaus received the Kairos – European Cultural Price from the Alfred Toepfer Stiftung F.V.S., in 2008. Her curatorial works include the Roma component of the Hidden Holocaust- exhibition in the Budapest Kunsthalle (2004), Paradise Lost – the First Roma Pavilion at the 52nd Venice Contemporary Art Biennale (2007), the Archive and Scholarly Conference on Roma Hiphop (2010), The Romani Elders and the Public Intervention for the Unfinished Memorial to the Sinti and Roma Murdered Under the National Socialist Regime in the frame of the 7th Berlin Biennale (2012), the (Re-)Conceptualizing Roma Resistance – exhibition and education program in Hellerau, Dresden (2015) and the Goethe Institute, Prague (2016). She is the curator of the Visual Art Section for RomArchive – Digital
Archive of the Roma, funded by the Kulturstiftung des Bundes,
(2015-2018). Junghaus was founding director of Gallery8 – Roma Contemporary Art Space (www.gallery8.org) in Budapest (2013-2017), the winner of the 2014 Catalyst Contemporary Art Award (of Tranzit Hungary) and the 2014 Otto Pankok Prize awarded by the For Roma Foundation of German writer and Literary Nobel Laureate, Günter Grass
Dr. Anna Mirga-Kruszelnicka is an anthropologist and Roma activist, born in 1985 in Cracow/Poland. She earned her Ph.D. in Social and Cultural Anthropology at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) in 2016. She holds an MA in European Integration from UAB and an MA in Comparative Studies of Civilizations from the Jagiellonian University in Cracow (UJ). She is the author of policy evaluations, reports and articles, and is the co-editor of the book “Education for Remembrance of the Roma Genocide: Scholarship, Commemoration and the Role of Youth” (Libron, 2015).
She has been an employee, member, founder and collaborator of numerous Roma organizations in Poland and Spain. From 2008 to 2012 she was the European project coordinator at the Federation of Roma Associations in Catalonia (FAGIC). From 2013 to 2015 she was an Open Society Foundations Roma Initiatives Fellow, conducting a comparative study of the Roma associative movements in various countries of Latin America and Europe. From 2015 to 2017 she was the coordinator and curator of the Academic Section (aka. Roma Civil Rights Movement Section) in the RomArchive – Digital Archive of the Roma. Since, 2017, she is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow of the Romani Studies Program at the Central European University (CEU) in Budapest.
Born in 1979 in Luxembourg-City. Jean-Paul holds degrees in Comparative Literature, History & Anthropology as well as European Studies from FU Berlin. He researches on cultural politics and diplomacy in and beyond nation states in Germany and Europe. As a cultural and project manager in Berlin Jean-Paul is interested and experienced in political and ecological issues and in cultural and indigenous advocacy. Since 2006 he regularly consults as an election observer and -assistant, mainly in Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central America and East Africa. Fond of Avant-garde music, film and German theatre Jean-Paul believes the ERIAC and the city of Berlin to be a perfect match.
ERIAC can develop and thrive thanks to the network of supporters, allies and friends who contribute in a variety of ways to help fulfill ERIAC’s vision and mission.
ERIAC is grateful for the pro bono legal support provided by PAUL HASTINGS EUROPE LLP.
The ERIAC Office in Berlin curates its exhibitions with the support of Kai Dikhas Gallery (Berlin) and Gallery8 (Budapest).